Bhagavad Gita

The name Bhagavad Gita is widely known, especially among those who embrace spirituality, wisdom, and religious life. The book is ranked among the greatest religious books worldwide. In India itself, its position is next only to Upanisads. There is a commonly famous verse that says, “All the Upanisads are cows, the milker is Sri Kresna, the calf is Arjuna, the enjoyers are the wise ones, and the milk is the fine nectar that the Gita is.”

Bhagavad Gita: A religious book by Vyasa

Bhagavad Gita is so important in India that almost all the religious leaders have interpreted the Gita according to their own schools of thought. Some prominent persons in modern time also wrote commentaries or elucidations on the Gita such as B.G. Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, and Sri Aurobindo.

Bhagavad Gita contains the words and teachings of Sri Kresna to Arjuna when both engaged in the Battle of Bharatayuda. At that time, Sri Kresna, who vowed not to take up arms on both Pandavas and Kauravas, agreed to become the charioteer of Arjuna while he gave his army to Kauravas. Arjuna was considered as the mightiest among the contemporary warriors.

It is said that the writer of the book is Vyasa, who also considered as the Incarnation of Visnu. The battle of Bharatayuda was fought at the end of Dvapara-yuga. The next yuga – i.e. Kaliyuga – is believed to have started on 18th February 3102 BC when Parikesit, grandson of Arjuna ascended the throne of Kauravas at Hastinapura.

Through many Western scholars believe that Bhagavad Gita is a loose collection of thoughts of different schools, Madhusudana Sarasvati divides it into three sections of six chapters each, dealing successively with Karma-yoga, Bhakti-yoga, and Jnana-yoga. Others have different opinion, but actually the same in understanding. Sankaracarya, for example, says that spiritual unfoldment proceeds along the following stages: practice of scriptural rites and duties with a hankering for results; practice of the same as a dedication to God without expecting rewards for oneself; purification of the mind or moral excellence along with upasana (devotion to and meditation on the qualified Brahman); acquisition of knowledge from a teacher and the scriptures, followed by renunciation of all rites and duties, which makes one fit for steadfastness in that knowledge; steadfastness in that knowledge; removal of ignorance and self-revelation of the supreme Brahman, which is the same as Liberation.


A Beautiful Mind

The life of the late John Nash (1928-2015) is a vivid example of the transformation of rumor into world legend. There was a time in Princeton University people, who did not know his undertaking during his youth, called him ‘Phantom of the Fine Hall’. Died last May in a car accident with his beloved wife, Alicia Larde, whom he met while was in MIT, his existence has inspired many. It is easy to understand and follow the rise and fall of a businessman. But, it is difficult to comprehend and appreciate the rise and fall of a genius. Nash, who had spiraled into schizophrenia in 1950s, sparks controversy when Nobel committee refuses to grant him the prize. It takes 45 years for him to gain global recognition. In 1994, Nash, in remission from schizophrenia, shared the Nobel Prize in economics for what he had done in his early 30s.

A Beautiful Mind: A non-fiction by Sylvia Nasar

The book A Beautiful Mind written by Sylvia Nasar portrays the life of the professor in mathematics. His story gains positive responses, though only few people understand how hard it was for Sylvia to compose it since Nash himself preferred to remain silent at first. However, most of his colleagues and relatives promoted the making of the book. They feel that the world should understand the pain of being John Nash: A genius mathematician who suffered from Continue reading “A Beautiful Mind”

Other Colours

Other Colors: A non-fiction written by Ferit Orhan Pamuk

What does a note mean to a writer? I don’t know the answer at first. The worse was that I could not discover the importance of making notes to a writer. I was so naive to think that the way a writer works was less complicated than a process engineer in a chemical factory: first, determine the existing chemical reactions and the overall process outflow; second, define the raw materials and products in order to calculate the material and energy balance; and, third, optimize the way utility system works. Apparently, the way a marvelous writer works is much more harder and complex than a common process engineer since the first tends to work in greater details. To an excellent writer, like Ferit Orhan Pamuk for instance, there is nothing useless. Any information, any experience is valuable to his career. I got this finding when I read Other Colors: Essays and A Story, a book composed by Orhan Pamuk, the celebrated Turkish writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2006

Being a writer is special since it means that you let people read you. It is not only the work(s) that can be read, but you’re readable also. The more people follow you and your works anytime you publish them, it means that Continue reading “Other Colours”

My Promised Land

My Promised Land: A non-fiction book by Ari Shavit

Since ancient times, Middle East has never slept. Social unrest, political turmoil, riots, birth of new religion and war have characterized the area. The conflicts have been more intense after the establishment of a country named Israel in the middle of 20th century. None of us knows the future of a single country in the world. We can’t also predict the future and fate of a country since its establishment thanks to its complex dynamic. Chapters, stories and records in My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel provide historic accounts about Israel so far and give a glimpse for us to imagine the future of the country.

The book is written in form of personal narrative history of the state of Israel. It deals with the existing internal and external pressures in Israel which suggest that there are some existential crises within Israel. Consists of 17 Continue reading “My Promised Land”

Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking

Great Physicists – The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking: A non-fiction by William H. Cropper

The word of science and discovery might be boring for some, especially when both delivered by the wrong teacher and biographer. But, this book will erode such feeling and emotion. William H. Cropper is far from mediocre biographer on scientists, and he proofs it in his Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking.
As the title suggests, the book contains biographical records of some notable physicists. The full title is Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking. At first, the book looks like a compilation of Continue reading “Great Physicists: The Life and Times of Leading Physicists from Galileo to Hawking”

Istanbul: Memories and the City

Istanbul-Memories and the City: A non-fiction written by Ferit Orhan Pamuk

In the eyes of romantic and intelligent individual, there is nothing inanimate. Everything is alive and has value. The fact that we demonstrate attachment with various degrees towards anything has shown that there is value in everything. Any changes occur on an object over time has shaped its appearance. Common eyes will consider the changes as something normal. But, among those who emotionally and logically active, the changes of appearance represent the object’s response towards its environment, which means that the object is alive. Such ideas can easily be seen in the work of brainy personalities like Ferit Orhan Pamuk. Through his able hands, brilliant mind, creative touch, and deep thought, he manages to transform the stories of his family and the changes which occurred in Istanbul into an outstanding novel entitled Istanbul: Memories and the City.

Istanbul: Memories and the City is not only telling the changes which happened in the family of Ferit Orhan Pamuk, but Continue reading “Istanbul: Memories and the City”

Mind, Matter and the Implicate Order

Mind, Matter and the Implicate Order: A textbook on philosophy written by Paavo T.I. Pylkkanen

The question about reality is quite challenging and disturbing for those who have great interest upon philosophy, especially when dealing with reality. Many attempts have been made. Many approaches have been employed. But, still, what reality is and how one can access it play important role in the dynamics of the topic. Nearly no agreement has been achieved about this matter, especially among modern philosophers. To some extent, they seem to be hesitate to incorporate traditional and or religious notions on reality into their works. Such facts mostly caused by the influence of ego more than cognitive. It is interesting since the answer might be discovered while the philosopher is willing to combine his modern view on reality with the established ones. How could someone attain the ultimate reality if he can deal with his own ego? Continue reading “Mind, Matter and the Implicate Order”

Numerical Methods Using MATLAB

Numerical Methods Using MATLAB: A textbook on MATLAB programming by George Lindfield and John Penny

Stands for Matrix Laboratory, MATLAB is a handy tool to solve mathematical problems using matrix operations as the base of its approach. The software is helpful to those who involve calculations and countings in their daily activities due to its broad range of usages. The fact that it has embedded Control Toolbox ensures control engineer to work with MATLAB. Among economists, the presence of MATLAB on their PCs or laptops is inevitable. And, I’m sure bankers and or accountants will find Financial Toolbox captivating. Then, other features such as Simulink, GUI and Symbolic Toolbox will lure engineers and even students to put MATLAB as their first and ultimate choice.

Surely, one needs to know how a matrix works first in order to maximize the value of MATLAB. Indeed, matrix operation is one of MATLAB’s distinguishing features. In addition to its matrix as the backbone, MATLAB I suitable partner for Continue reading “Numerical Methods Using MATLAB”

The Return of The Economic Naturalist: How Economics Helps Make Sense of Your World

The Return of The Economic Naturalist-How Economics Helps Make Sense of Your World: A non-fiction on economy by Robert H. Frank

Economy is quite hard to understand for some. The fact that it’s hard to comprehend makes it sort of boring and uninteresting subject. Such feeling may be caused by their unlucky for not finding sources good at explaining the topic. Though it is impossible to fully understand how economy works – due to its highly dynamic nature – people will eventually be able to partially unearth the way economic engine and its environment when they happen to get in-touch with the right person. And, I’m belong to the group of fortunate men who have such experience.

The man whose work on economy fascinates me at the moment is Robert H. Frank. Serving the Cornell University as Henrietta Louis Professor of Management and Professor of Economics at the Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management at the institution, he is one of contributors to economic column at Continue reading “The Return of The Economic Naturalist: How Economics Helps Make Sense of Your World”

Create a free website or blog at

Up ↑